Focus Area 1: Making Things, with a focus on heavy industry, and the production of cement, steel, plastics, etc. Possible sub-topics:

  • Decarbonizing heat
  • Making cement
  • Manufacturing commodity plastics
  • Moderate to high temperature thermal storage

Focus Area 2: Plugging In, with a focus on electric generation from conventional, renewable, and other alternative perspectives/sources, as well as distribution and storage. Sub-topics:

  • High to very high temperature thermal-electrical storage
  • Thermal and soiling management in PV
  • High temperature working fluids and storage (e.g., nuclear, solar thermal)
  • Alternative thermal energy conversion processes (e.g., AMTECS, nf-TPV, thermionics, etc.)

Focus Area 3: Growing Things, with a focus on agriculture, including plants and animals. Sub-topics:

  • Heat transfer and FEW
  • New approaches for making fertilizers (non-HB process)
  • Agricultural by-products for plastic replacement

Focus Area 4: Getting Around, with a focus on transportation, including planes, cars, trucks, cargo ships, etc. Sub-topics:

  • Thermal management in batteries
  • Heat recovery and conversion from engines
  • Alternative fuel sources

Focus Area 5: Keeping Warm and Cool, with a focus on commercial, residential, etc. HVAC&R/climate control/primary energy consumption and reduction (including efficiency). Sub-topics:

  • Low temperature thermal storage
  • Decoupling of cooling and dehumidification
  • Localized heating and cooling (instead of entire spaces)
  • Alternative, zero-GWP, NIK cooling processes
  • Building envelope: adaptive thermal properties                                                         

Focus Area 6: Climate Intervention/Earth’s Energy Balance, with a focus on stratospheric and tropospheric responses/interventions to reduce temperature and carbon loads. Sub-topics:

  • Passive terrestrial radiative cooling
  • Active terrestrial radiative cooling
  • Tropospheric aerosols, Marine Cloud Brightening (MCB)
  • Stratospheric aerosols